1. The real danger is not that computers will begin to think like men, but that men will begin to think like computers.
  2. The formula for a best-seller in the realm of health and weight control is to promise the moon and stars, sprinkle pixie dust, refute everything everybody thought they knew before, invoke a scapegoat, or offer a savior. The formula has worked for decades, and been applied to just cutting fat; just adding oat bran; just cutting carbs; just adding protein; just combining this with that; just combining that with this; just cutting sugar; just cutting fructose; just eating grapefruit; just eating cabbage soup; just getting HCG injections; just cutting out gluten; just cutting out wheat; just cutting out all grains; just cutting out meat and dairy; and so on.

    The trouble with this is- it’s nonsense. You can cut fat and eat well, or badly. You can be vegan, and eat well or badly. You can cut carbs and eat well or badly. You can cut out grains and eat well or badly. The influence of diet on weight and health is dependent on the overall pattern of the diet- period. All the endless barking up a sequence of trees does is obscure our collective view of the forest. Alas, there are many more ways to eat badly than well, and we seem committed to exploring every one of them. As we do so, we are paying with our lives.

  3. I’m not a fitness guru. I’m 45lb overweight!
  4. So let’s stop the this food or this macro makes you fat, or this food or this macro can’t make you fat nonsense. In this regard, the low fat camp has always been honest, save for a few Susan Powter types. Low fat in the context of body weight is, was and forever shall be about calories. The low carb camp has always been dishonest, save for the few that are shouted down and don’t write diet books.
  5. Why reducing salt consumption in the US is difficult

    • Henry R. Black, MD: I agree. The other nutritional concern that is very important to me as a hypertension specialist is the question of salt and sodium intake. We have had some interesting Medscape discussion about this. My opinion is that 2300 mg of sodium daily is the appropriate level, and that a 1500-mg sodium limit is very difficult to do. In the United Kingdom, with Graham MacGregor,[3] they have gradually reduced the salt in processed foods and it is already beginning to have an impact on the number of strokes and heart attacks in those communities. We ought to follow their lead on that.
    • Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH: I agree, but the food industry absolutely opposes it. In England, the food industry gradually reduced salt voluntarily, but <b>WE DON'T DO VOLUNTARY IN THE UNITED STATES</b> because nobody wants to go first. The food industry has said that they cannot sell products with lower salt. This is another environmental issue. It is very difficult for people to consume a low-salt diet in the United States if they eat out or buy processed foods. To consume a truly low-salt diet, you have to do all of your own cooking and control your food intake very carefully. Most people don't do that. Everybody in America eats out at least sometime during the week, and the food is loaded with salt. The reason that it is loaded with salt is that the people who are preparing the food eat a lot of salt, and it takes a lot of salt to make the food taste good to them. When people go on lower-salt diets, food starts tasting very salty to them.
    • Dr. Black: Research done by Dr. Henkin back in the 1970s showed that if you gradually reduce the amount of salt or sodium in the diet, that within 30 days foods that you used to think were fine taste too salty. That's part of the reason it has worked in the United Kingdom. The amount of sodium in processed food has been gradually, and not drastically, reduced. It is certainly beginning to be reflected in their data on strokes and heart attacks. I wish we could do the same here.
    • http: //


  6. Insulin resistance is how the cell says “stop sending me more energy— I have too much already!” It is a deliberate response to mitigate the negative effects of cellular energy excess.
  7. We prefer the devil we know, even when it’s infinitely more bloodthirsty than the one we don’t.
  8. The small size and short duration of weight loss trials often account for their lack of definitive evidence of the effectiveness of dietary interventions on CVD risk. By contrast sound observational data, population-level interventions and “natural experiments” in whole populations have demonstrated a reduction in population risk with adoption of recommended, balanced dietary strategies to lower cardiovascular risk. For example, over the past three decades, levels of population cardiovascular risk factors have declined in Finland, with the greatest change being dietary behaviour (reduction in total and saturated fat and increased vegetables and fruit intake). These declines explain most of the observed decline in CHD mortality in the Finnish middle-aged population over this period [54]. Mortality due to coronary heart disease was reduced in Poland over a ten year period by partly replacing dietary saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats while maintaining a low intake of trans fatty acids [55]. A large prospective cohort study in 30 to 49 year old Swedish women (n = 43396; average follow-up 15.7 years) reported significantly increased incidence of cardiovascular disease overall (n = 1270) with a one tenth decrease in carbohydrate intake or increase in protein intake, or a two unit increase in the low carbohydrate-high protein score [9].
  9. ted:


    There’s always something happening at MoMA. Don’t miss a thing

    [Illustration by Robert Hanson.]

    Absolutely love the details in this gif.

    For more MoMA-tastic brilliance, watch curator Paola Antonelli’s TED Talk, Why I brought PacMan to MoMA »


  10. It’s time for us to reject these unfair attacks on Ancel Keys. We can agree to disagree on what the best diet is. But we should all have the decency to refrain from lying about someone who devoted his life to helping us all live healthier and longer lives.
  11. The reason we don’t have a magic bullet is that obesity is a difficult problem. Preventing and treating obesity means fighting the natural tendency of the human body and mind in the context of our current culture. You can tell people to eat less sugar, white flour, added fats, and processed foods in general, but only a minority of people will actually alter their behavior significantly as a result. This is because people don’t eat junk food for its health benefits— they eat it because they like it, it’s cheap, and it’s readily available (obesity isn’t caused by eating junk food in all individuals, but it is a major cause on a population level). Obesity is much more challenging than a simple infectious agent or nutritional deficiency that can be readily treated.
  12. "Fat storage hormone" is a misnomer for insulin. The most accurate description would be the "fuel selection hormone" due to its role in switching between fat and carbohydrate metabolism in response to what’s consumed.